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World No.3 Roger Federer has pulled out of the Shanghai Masters to "rest and recuperate" after the north American swing of the ATP Tour.

Federer, 30, reached the semi-finals at the recent US Open, where he squandered two match points before losing to Novak Djokovic, and then flew straight to Sydney to play for Switzerland in their Davis Cup tie with Australia.

The 16-time grand slam champion said: "After consultation with my team, I've unfortunately decided to pull out of the Shanghai Masters in order to take some necessary time to rest and recuperate after a long summer.

"I have some nagging injuries that I need to address and I look forward to returning to the ATP World Tour as soon as possible.

"I have very fond memories of Shanghai so I will miss this amazing tournament and all my loyal Chinese fans, but I look forward to returning to China next fall."

The Masters 1000 event in Shanghai is due to take place between October 9-16 with Federer now unlikely to return to action until the indoor tournament in his hometown Basle at the end of the month.

Federer's omission will add further fuel to the recent argument that has seen the ATP come under fire from the likes of Rafael Nadal and Andy Murray for the hectic scheduling in recent weeks.